© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A pack of Mifeprex pills, used to terminate early pregnancies, is displayed in this picture illustration taken May 11, 2022. REUTERS/Caitlin Ochs/Illustration
By Jonathan Stempel and Brendan Pierson
(Reuters) -A maker of abortion pills and a doctor have filed lawsuits challenging state restrictions on the medication, in the first lawsuits of their kind since the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the federal constitutional right to abortion.
In a complaint filed in federal court in Huntington, West Virginia, GenBioPro Inc said the state cannot override the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s approval from 2000 of mifepristone by banning the drug, the first in a two-drug regimen for medication abortions.
The doctor, Amy Bryant, filed a separate lawsuit in the federal court in Durham, North Carolina, challenging state-imposed restrictions on obtaining mifepristone, which she said impeded her ability to treat patients.
Both lawsuits fuel a growing legal battle over medication abortion in the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court’s June ruling eliminating the longstanding right to abortion established 50 years ago in Roe v. Wade, and effectively left states to regulate the procedure.
In a separate case, anti-abortion activists are urging a Texas federal judge to undo FDA approval of mifepristone altogether, and effectively pull the drug off the market.
Medication abortions make up more than half of U.S. abortions. Misoprostol is the second drug of the two-drug regimen for medication abortion.
GenBioPro, which sells a generic version of mifepristone, said West Virginia’s Unborn Child Protection Act, which banned nearly all abortions in September, “conflicts with the strong national interest in ensuring access to a federally approved medication to end a pregnancy.”
According to the lawsuit, the abortion pill ban violated the U.S. Constitution’s Supremacy Clause, which gives federal laws priority over conflicting state laws, because Congress gave the FDA the power to regulate drugs.
GenBioPro also said that the state’s ban violated the Constitution’s Commerce Clause, which restricts states from burdening interstate commerce.
U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland said last June that states “may not ban mifepristone based on disagreement with the FDA’s expert judgment about its safety and efficacy.”
Bryant objected to North Carolina’s requirements that patients obtain abortion pills only in person from physicians in specially certified…